Homeless Children and Youth
The McKinney-Vento Act defines homeless children and youth as individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.
The term "homeless children and youths" includes children and youths who are:
- sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar reason;
- living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate accommodations;
- living in emergency or transitional shelters
- abandoned in hospitals;
- living in a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designated for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
- living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and/or
- migratory children living in any of the circumstances described above.
The McKinney-Vento Act Requirements
- Designate a homeless liaison in each local educational agency
- Identify and immediately enroll any homeless child or youth (preschool to grade 12), even without academic or medical records.
- Continue children or youths in their "school of origin" for the duration of their homelessness and for the remainder of the academic year if the child or youth becomes permanently housed during an academic year.
- Inform parents/guardians of the educational rights of their children.
- Provide transportation, at the request of the parent, to the school of origin.
- Ensure no barriers exist (for example, residency requirements, lack of transportation or school fees) for full educational participation.
- Develop partnerships with community agencies to identify and assist with basic services for homeless families, children, and youth.
- Ensure homeless students are not segregated or stigmatized.
If you have questions about rights under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, please contact our homeless liaison Sarah Wadsworth at the number listed below.
Pupil Services Director/Homeless liaison
608-897-2141 ext. 178